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Benalla, Buzyn, Kohler… What legal consequences for the cases of the Macron era?

It seems a long time ago when Emmanuel Macron promised that the moralization of public life would be ” the basis of its action “. Five years after taking office, the various politico-financial scandals involving his entourage or the government are staining. So much so that Anticor’s lawyer, Jérôme Karsenti, recently judged in our columns that the indifference towards justice ” increased considerably under Macron “. Back to the different episodes of the business soap opera.

Richard Ferrand indicted

That had never happened in the history of the Fifth Republic. At least before the appointment of Richard Ferrand: the President of the National Assembly, still in office at present, was indicted in 2019 for “illegal taking of interests”. In May 2017, The chained Duck reveals a public contract award case in 2011 to his partner’s company, when he was general manager of Mutuelles de Bretagne.

READ ALSO: Mutuelles de Bretagne: the flaw that revives the Richard Ferrand affair

Appointed Minister of Territorial Cohesion in May 2017, he was forced to resign barely a month after taking office. In September 2018, Richard Ferrand becomes President of the National Assembly while the case is still in progress. Despite his indictment, a year later, he refuses to resign from the perch. The Douai Court of Appeal upheld the prescription in its favor, in March 2021. The Anticor association, at the origin of the complaint filed in 2017, appealed in cassation.

The fictitious jobs of the Modem

Twenty years after his morocco at National Education under Balladur, François Bayrou found a ministry in 2017, with Emmanuel Macron and justice this time. But here it is: on June 9, 2017, a preliminary investigation was opened by the Paris prosecutor’s office for “breach of trust” and “receiving”. In question: a survey by France Info and an article by chained duck revealing that a dozen employees of the centrist party were paid as European parliamentary assistants.

The one who was to be the craftsman of the law on the moralization of public life is forced to resign from the government on June 21, just like the deceased Marielle de Sarnez, then Minister in charge of European Affairs (also implicated in this file) . The day before, Sylvie Goulard, Minister of the Armed Forces (MoDem), had also resigned.

READ ALSO: The curious part-time contracts of the MoDem’s parliamentary assistants

All three are indicted in December 2019, like a dozen other party members for “complicity in embezzlement”. If the investigation is ongoing, the president of the MoDem benefits from a new tailor-made position: that of High Commissioner for Planning, since September 2020.

The ball Benalla

“The Benalla affair”, named after the former project manager at the Élysée, turned Emmanuel Macron’s five-year term upside down. France has just celebrated its title of world football champion on July 18, 2018, when the newspaper The world reveals that, on May 1, 2018, Alexandre Benalla infiltrates a law enforcement mission in which he is not supposed to participate. The 26-year-old man, who is not a police officer, appears in a video where we see him, equipped with CRS equipment, molesting several demonstrators on the Place de la Contrescarpe in Paris.

The story does not end there. In December 2018, Mediapart sounded the second charge by revealing that the former project manager, although dismissed from the Élysée, is still in possession of his diplomatic passports and has used them more than twenty times. Emmanuel Macron’s chief of staff, Patrick Strzoda, heard as a witness in the investigation, was suspected in March 2019 of “false testimony” before the Senate inquiry committee. This last investigation is finally closed without further action.

READ ALSO: Alexandre Benalla indicted for forgery and use of forgery in the passport case

For these two cases, Alexandre Benalla was sentenced on November 5, 2021 to three years in prison, one of which is firm. He is appealing this decision. He is also the subject of five other judicial investigations. Other procedures aim in particular at his participation in the signing of “Russian contracts”. Alexandre Benalla and his friend Vincent Crase are suspected of having established relations with oligarchs, including Iskander Makhmudov, who may have links with the Russian mafia.

The saucy of Griveaux

This is a case in which the representative of Macronie is a victim and not a suspect: Benjamin Griveaux. LREM candidate for the municipal elections of 2020 in Paris, he renounces to present himself, because of the disclosure, on February 14, of a video of him in full masturbation.

At the origin of this leak, Piotr Pavlenski, artist and Russian political refugee in France. He claims to have stolen the videos from his partner, Alexandra de Taddeo, for whom they were intended. The same day, Griveaux filed a complaint against X for the dissemination of videos of a sexual nature. Piotr Pavlenski and his companion are placed in police custody.

READ ALSO: Info Marianne: the third video in the Griveaux affair, which suggests the participation of an accomplice of Pavlenski

The investigation must now determine how the videos were extracted from his computer and exactly how they were then distributed. Benjamin Griveaux meanwhile retired from political life in May 2021, after resigning from his post in the Assembly to create a consulting firm.

The embarrassing secrets of Agnès Buzyn

We should have stopped everything, it was a masquerade. » In the columns of the World on March 17, 2020, Agnès Buzyn opens up about her failure at the municipal elections in Paris, explaining that she ” experienced the campaign in a dissociated way “: ” From the beginning I only thought of one thing: the coronavirus “, Says, to better justify his failure, the one who was still Minister of Health a month earlier.

In a context of protest vis-à-vis the management of the health crisis by the government – ​​shortages, debate on the usefulness of wearing a mask, questioning around the holding of the municipal ballot – the words used arouse controversy. At the same time, dozens of complaints are pouring into the Court of Justice of the Republic, which judges nine of them admissible and opens a judicial investigation targeting Agnès Buzyn, Olivier Véran and Édouard Philippe on July 7, 2020.

READ ALSO: Covid: these five episodes that led Agnès Buzyn to the Court of Justice of the Republic

The following October 15, the homes of the three ministers and former ministers were searched, as well as that of the former government spokesperson Sibeth Ndiaye and the director general of health Jérôme Salomon. On September 10, 2021, Agnès Buzyn was finally indicted for “endangering the lives of others” and placed under the status of assisted witness for “abstention from fighting a disaster”. She is the only one, for the moment, to be prosecuted.

The family ties of Alexis Kohler

Alexis Kohler is not the most famous in Macronie. His position as Secretary General of the Élysée nevertheless makes him one of the essential personalities at the top of the State. Except that his links with the Italian-Swiss shipowner Mediterranean Shipping Company (MSC) – run by his mother’s cousins ​​- led him to be suspected of “influence peddling” and “illegal taking of interests” by the National Financial Prosecutor’s Office (PNF).

We told it in our columns at the end of January. While he was Emmanuel Macron’s chief of staff at the Ministry of Economy and Finance (2014-2016), Alexis Kohler represented the State in the governing bodies of the shipbuilding company STX France (now Chantiers Atlantic) and the Grand Port maritime du Havre (GPMH).

READ ALSO: How Alexis Kohler, Macron’s armed wing, sold off French industrial heritage

However, the minutes of the Grand Port maritime du Havre unearthed by Mediapart, which revealed the case in 2018, mention that Kohler participated in the deliberations concerning the awarding of future contracts to a French subsidiary of… MSC, where he is by elsewhere left slipping between 2016 and 2017.

The PNF investigation, however, was dismissed after the head of state split a letter in 2019 aimed at clearing his Secretary General. A judicial soap opera relaunched by a complaint from the Anticor association, also filed in 2019, which led to the opening of a judicial investigation in 2020 for “illegal taking of interests” and “influence peddling”.

The “awkwardness” of Alain Griset

The name is less flashy, but the case is just as much a stain for a government that had made transparency a primary virtue. On October 12, 2021, the Minister Delegate for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SME), Alain Griset, was tried for “incomplete or misleading declaration of his financial situation” and “of his interests”.

READ ALSO: Sentenced to a six-month suspended prison sentence, Alain Griset, Minister of SMEs, resigns

He is suspected by the High Authority for the Transparency of Public Life (HATVP) of having knowingly omitted to declare 171,000 euros, divided into ” financial participations held in a stock savings plan, as well as the associated cash account “. The Minister has reimbursed everything and maintains that this error is due to ” awkwardness “.

On December 8, 2021, the minister, then in office, was finally sentenced to a 6-month suspended prison sentence and a three-year suspended sentence of ineligibility. In the process, he announced his resignation from the government and appealed against his conviction. Also indicted for “breach of trust” in the context of his previous profession (taxi driver), he must appear on May 25 before the Lille Criminal Court.

Éric Dupond-Moretti, a Keeper of the Seals in the eye of justice

Who would imagine a Minister of Justice indicted? This is however the case of Éric Dupond-Moretti since July 2021. Targeted by an investigation for “illegal taking of interests” since January 2021, he is suspected of having taken advantage of his function as minister to settle accounts with three magistrates of the PNF.

The beginnings of this file date from the “wiretapping affair”, triggered in 2014. The members of the PNF targeted by the Keeper of the Seals then suspected the existence of a mole who warned Sarkozy that his clandestine telephone was tapped. Knowing Éric Dupond-Moretti very close to his then colleague Thierry Herzog, the lawyer of the former president, the investigators peeled his fadettes in search of possible suspicious contacts. In vain.

READ ALSO: Search at Dupond-Moretti: who imagines a Keeper of the Seals indicted?

Having become minister, Éric Dupond-Moretti would have weighed in so that disciplinary proceedings are initiated – for other reasons – against the magistrates in question despite a previous investigation closed without further action and carried out by his predecessor in Justice, Nicole Belloubet. Despite his indictment, the Keeper of the Seals refuses to resign.

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